Volume 12, Issue 1 (2012)                   QJER 2012, 12(1): 1-30 | Back to browse issues page

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Fakhrehosseini S F, Shahmoradi A, Ehsani M A. Sticky Prices, Wages and Monetary Policy in the Iranian Economy. QJER 2012; 12 (1) :1-30
URL: http://ecor.modares.ac.ir/article-18-6736-en.html
1- Ph.D. Student of Economics, University of Mazandaran
2- Assistant Professor of Economics, Tehran University
3- Assistant Professor of Economics, University of Mazandaran
Abstract:   (8741 Views)
Fluctuations in fiscal policy affect monetary policy and the central bank, because the government’s general budget is highly dependent on oil prices and its fluctuations. Therefore, this paper designs a New Keynesian model for Iran with nominal rigidities (prices and wages) and analyzes the impact of technology, oil price, government spending and money supply shocks on macroeconomic variables (inflation, output) in economy of Iran. The data in this article are related to the fixed prices in the year 2004 and run annually from 1966 to 2008 on a per capita basis. Having logarithms taken, the variables are de-traded through Hodrick - Prescott filter. The final model equations are linearized around the steady state and using Uhlig (1999) approach, accidental equations are also linearized and are specified as space state pattern in Matlab software. Finally, the calibration of parameters are assessed, variables are simulated and compared with real data. The results show that the recommended model can simulate the impact of shocks on macroeconomic variables. It also shows that inflation rises in response to all shocks except that of technology. As the figures show, it is also revealed that non-oil output increases in response to technology, oil price, government spending and money supply.
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Received: 2011/05/2 | Accepted: 2011/10/16 | Published: 2012/05/6

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