Volume 12, Issue 4 (2013)                   QJER 2013, 12(4): 55-74 | Back to browse issues page

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Hassanzadeh M, Sadeghi H, Usefi A, Sahabi B, Ghanbari A. Oil Price Fluctuations and Household Welfare in Iran. QJER. 2013; 12 (4) :55-74
URL: http://ecor.modares.ac.ir/article-18-800-en.html
1- Assistant Professor, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili
2- Assistant Professor, Tarbiat Modares University
3- Assistant Professor, Isfahan University of Technology
Abstract:   (6823 Views)
In this paper the impacts of oil price fluctuations on the household welfare for different income groups have been studied using computational general equilibrium model. Equivalent Variation (EV) criterion is also used to evaluate changes in household welfare. The results show that oil price fluctuation has a greater impact on income, expenditure and welfare of urban households compared with the rural ones. In other words, dependence of urban household income on oil price is stronger in comparison to the rural ones. It has also been revealed that an oil price increase is more effective than the price reduction on household welfare, income and expenditure.  Ratio of EV to total expenditure is almost the same for the poor and rich households, implying that both of them suffer a percentage of welfare loss in the same way.
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Received: 2010/05/31 | Accepted: 2011/10/15 | Published: 2012/12/30

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