Volume 9, Issue 4 (2010)                   QJER 2010, 9(4): 0-0 | Back to browse issues page

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Almasi M, Sohaili K, Sepahban Gharehbaba A. Effect of Higher Education on Economic Growth in Iran. QJER. 2010; 9 (4)
URL: http://ecor.modares.ac.ir/article-18-710-en.html
1- faculty of Economics, Razi University, Kermanshah
2- Economics, Razi University, Kermanshah
3- Razi University, Kermanshah
Abstract:   (5085 Views)
There are many factors affecting economic growth. Based on the literature, the effects of these factors such as higher education are mainly examined using endogenous economic growth theories. Various theoretical models are used to estimate the relation among variables affecting economic growth. This paper investigates the effects of higher education human capital on the economic growth in Iran using the endogenous growth models. The specified model includes human capital, physical investment and foreign debt which are identified as the main determinants of economic growth in Iran. Two dummy variables are included in the model in order to represent the effects of Islamic revolution and imposed war. The Johnson five steps approach is employed to estimate the empirical model. The results confirm that higher education human capital has a relatively large and statistically significant effect on the economic growth in Iran. It is found that the growth elasticity of higher education human capital is larger than the growth impact of physical capital investment. So, in order to obtain a high rate of economic growth in the country, investment in higher education human capital must be increased. Moreover, based on the findings, it is recommended that the investment should be made using domestic saving instead of financing abroad.
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Received: 2010/05/11 | Accepted: 2010/03/1 | Published: 2010/05/11

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