Volume 21, Issue 3 (2021)                   QJER 2021, 21(3): 9-9 | Back to browse issues page

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moradi M, Hasanvand D, derakhshani K, sarlak A. The Impact of Formal and Informal Institutions on the Entrepreneurship Development in the MENA Countries. QJER 2021; 21 (3) :9-9
URL: http://ecor.modares.ac.ir/article-18-50492-en.html
1- Department of economics, Aligudarz Branch, Islamic Azad university, Aligudarz, Iran
2- Department of Economic, University of Lurestan, Khoramabad, and Professor, Department of Economic , Aligudarz Branch, Islamic Azad University , Aligudarz, Iran , hassanvand.d@lu.ac.ir
3- Department of Economic Arak Branch, University of arak, Iran
4- Department of Economic Arak Branch, Islamic Azad University, Arak, Iran.
Abstract:   (2500 Views)
This research explains the impact of informal institutions (corruption control) and formal institutions (number of procedures, education and entrepreneurship training and skills, access to credit and technology absorption) on entrepreneurship development in 10 in selected Middle East and North Africa (MENA) countries, including Iran during 2005 – 2019. The type of study is descriptive. The present article estimates a panel data model by using the available data from international statistical institutes. Eviews and Stata14 software’s are used for the calculations. The results show that the if corruption control increases, the entrepreneurship will increase, since there is a positive and significant relationship between corruption control and formal institutions, and entrepreneurship development. Among the MENA countries, corruption control has the least impact on entrepreneurship in Iran and the highest impact in Qatar. Also, corruption control, training and skills and technology absorption have had great impacts on the entrepreneurship development.
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Article Type: Original Research | Subject: Economic Development and Growth
Received: 2021/01/4 | Accepted: 2021/03/3 | Published: 2021/09/22

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