Volume 18, Issue 3 (2018)                   QJER 2018, 18(3): 79-102 | Back to browse issues page

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tashakori saleh P, khodaparast M, Feizi M. Time and Present-Biased Preferences in Intertemporal Behavior of Iranian Young People: Case Study of Students of Ferdowsi University of Mashhad. QJER. 2018; 18 (3) :79-102
URL: http://journals.modares.ac.ir/article-18-15847-en.html
1- Ferdowsi University of Mashhad
2- Ferdowsi University of Mashhad , m_khodaparast@um.ac.ir
Abstract:   (2223 Views)
Time preference and intertemporal behavior are of basic importance in theoretical and applied studies of decision-making and economic analysis. Present-bias induces individuals to postpone their savings and makes the saving level less than its optimal level. This article studies the present-biased and time preferences in intertemporal consumption-saving behavior among selected students of Ferdowsi University of Mashhad. It examines the effect of interest rate on intertemporal decision-making and tests the impacts of individual factors such as past experiences, gender and consumption expenditure on present-bias. Hence, after reviewing the theoretical basics, the parameters of individual present-biased and time preferences have been estimated by “multiple price list” and “convex time budget” methods. In this experiment, participants were faced with different decision-making situations along with changes in interest rates. The results of experiment show that participants are generally present-biased in their intertemporal behavior. In addition, individuals exhibit more present bias in “multiple price list” method than “convex time budget” method.  While interest rate is an influential factor in intertemporal decision-making, but the intertemporal behavior of students is influenced by their past experiences. There is no significant relationship between gender and present bias. Furthermore, consumption expenditure was independent of present bias.
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Article Type: Research Paper |
Received: 2016/11/26 | Accepted: 2018/08/6 | Published: 2018/08/6

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